Pests / Plant Thoughts / Update

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug – On the MOVE – 1Mar2016 update

identifyBrownMarmoratedStinkBug_RutgersEDU_NewJereseyUpdate 1 March 2016.  Garden club members have spotted Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs on the move already this spring.  “It is not too early to start brown marmorated stink bug patrol” says S.G.  ” I have found both live ones and dead ones – yeah! – in the house.”  And M.T. says, “I found an adult stink bug on the plant in my kitchen window. I guess he’s been living there all winter.  Time to check our houseplants.”

Three members have had good success with the simple method of a can of soapy water with a wide lid and a stick, spoon or long utensil to flick the bugs into the water where they drown.  Poor results were reported with the home-made large pop bottle with inverted top and light inside it by member M.N.

FIRST – make sure you are killing the RIGHT bugs.

Read below for detailed description and info on proper identification.

Good hunting!

 

Update October 2015:  The Columbian Newspaper (Vancouver, WA, USA) reported that the tiny wasp trissolcus japonicus, which is a natural predator of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug in Asia, was found in Vancouver, WA.  The big question is, what other native insects will this new wasp prey upon, too?   For more info see: http://www.columbian.com/…/wasp-that-attacks-stink…/

 

Update 27Jan2015:  Here is a pix of damage done to N.B. Garden ClSAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURESub member’s bosc pears.  “Stink bugs bit into the pears.  Their bite leaves a small amount of saliva in the pear that penetrates the pear’s white meat.  This leaves a ripple effect on the pear skin. ”  One of her friends noticed a similar look on some apples for sale and notified the shop.  Upon cutting open the apples,”they could see the saliva damage to the apple meat.”  [1]

StinkBugDamageOnApple_PSU_ento_deptHere are additional pix of apples damaged by stink bug bites, from Penn State Entomology department web site. [2]

Lastly, according to George Hamilton, “pest management expert and professor of entomology at Rutger’s University”, as reported in USA Today by Janice Lloyd, the fruit or vegetable is often still safe to eat, simply cut out the “bad parts”.  Of course, if there is too much damage, there may not be much left to cut out, or the fruit/vegetable may have suffered additional damaging invasion by other fungi or bacteria rendering it inedible.  Lastly, people often don’t wish to buy or eat such damaged fruit. [3]

Because the Asian Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs have no natural enemies in the Americas (except maybe humans!  🙂 ) , research is taking place to determine if the native Asian wasp that preys on the Stink Bugs could be introduced.  However, there is concern that the Asian wasp may do serious harm to other insects, and native American stink bugs, too, so, researchers are proceeding cautiously. [3]

References to 26Jan15 & 27Mar2015 Update & for more details:

  1. Garden Club member, N.B.
  2. Penn State Entomology department web site:
  3. Janice Lloyd USA Today on-line article on Stink Bugs:http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/health/story/health/story/2011/04/For-gardeners-stink-bugs-are-not-a-problem-to-sniff-at/46579274/1
  4. Rutger’s New Jersey Agricultural Experimental Station – has great FAQs on BMSB:   https://njaes.rutgers.edu/stinkbug/faq.asp

[Photos:  pear – N.B. Garden Club member.   apples – Penn State Entomology Dept on line web site]

Update 19Nov2014:  One of our members who initially reported finding Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs in her garden several months ago, destroyed all but one of them.  The survivor is still alive after spending the last several months inside a plastic zip loc bag, so, they are tough!

Another member reported finding dozens of them between two storm windows at a local hotel in a south facing room during the recent sub-freezing weather; she flushed them down the commode.

Two of our garden members have discovered both the adult and nymph stages of the voracious and invasive “Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs” (BMSB), aka Halyomorpha halys,  in their gardens in the last few weeks.  Now, these bugs are being seen all over Clark County, WA, as they seek places to over winter.  Read on to determine if you have the non-native, invasive species (which you should kill) or the native species (which you should simply release back outside).

Nymphs look like Lady Bugs, but are not!

Don’t be fooled by the nymph stage into thinking they are baby Lady Bugs.  They are not! (See eggs on leaf picture.)

StinkBug_Babies_325hLady bugs are much bigger than Stink bug nymphs.  Stink bug nymphs are more “tick” size.  And Lady bug nymphs look more like little crocodiles than tiny Lady Bugs.

Adult “Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs” can make an awful smell if you disturb or smash them (thus the name).

HOW TO IDENTIFY ADULTS:

Is it a native “good” stink bug, or a non-native “bad” stink bug?  Please read on and examine the pictures carefully.

Here are some distinguishing features that can help you out, a photo, and web site with even more detailed identification tips:

  1. BMSB:  Grey underbelly.  Natives (good bugs) have yellowish underbelly.
  2. BMSB:  Antennae alternate white and dark stripes.  [Photo: Rutgers]
  3. BMSB:  Black & white banding near back legs.  [Photo: Rutgers]

Kill with extreme prejudice – but make sure you know what it is first!

identifyBrownMarmoratedStinkBug_RutgersEDU_NewJeresey

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug – BAD – KILL!

More identification info at the Rutgers extension web site:

http://njaes.rutgers.edu/stinkbug/similar.asp
http://njaes.rutgers.edu/stinkbug/identify.asp

For additional information:   http://www.stopbmsb.org/

http://bugguide.net/index.php?q=search&keys=brown+marmorated&search=Search

Thanks to L.M., S.L., K.D., M.N., M.T. and Rutgers Extension for photos, warning and identification!

 

Below is a picture of a GOOD native “stink bug”, known as the “Western Conifer Seed Bug”, aka Leptoglossus occidentalis This is one you should just put outside of your house and let it alone.

westernconiferseedbug-small_RutgersNJ_Extension

Native Bug – Good – DON’T kill!

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s